RWANDA, BURUNDI AND THE ASSASSINATION OF THREE HUTU PRESIDENTS

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Melchior Ndadaye, the first elected president, and the first Hutu president, of Burundi, was assassinated by Burundi's Tutsi army on October 21, 1993. 
 
April 6th marked the 22nd anniversary of the assassination of Rwandan President Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundian President Cyprien Ntaryamira, both members of the Hutu majority. The assassinations are widely understood to have triggered the ethnic bloodletting known as the Rwandan Genocide.  Six months earlier,  President Melchior Ndadaye, also a Hutu, had been assassinated by the Tutsi army in Burundi.  
 
The assassination of three Hutu presidents posed an existential threat to Rwandan and Burundian Hutus, much as an assassination of President Obama, were such an event to occur, would pose an existential threat to Black Americans, whether they are among the current president’s admirers or not. As the region collapsed into war and chaos, hundreds of thousands died in both Rwanda and Burundi. Millions of Rwandan and Burundian Hutus fled into the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi then invaded the DRC to, they said, hunt them down. Millions of Hutu refugees and Congolese people died in the ensuing Congo Wars and Congo’s immense resources were ruthlessly plundered. At the same time, Burundi suffered a brutal civil war from 1993 to 2005.
 
In Rwanda, the massacres of 1994 are officially known as “the Genocide against the Tutsi,” despite evidence that hundreds of thousands of Hutu people also died. Tutsi governments in Rwanda and Burundi have been allies of the West, and Western officialdom has therefore found it convenient to identify Rwanda and Burundi’s Tutsis as the victims in both countries.
 
I spoke to Burundian American Le Beni Tazira, whose voice is frequently heard on CIUT-Toronto’s Taylor Report, about the omissions in the Western narrative of Tutsi victimization.
 
Ann Garrison: Le Beni, April 6 was the 22nd anniversary of the assassination of two Hutu presidents, Rwanda’s Juvenal Habyarimana and Burundi’s Cyprien Ntaryamira. Can you tell us about the significance of this event in the region’s history?
 
Le Beni Tazira: Yes, I can, but as a Burundian, I can give it more on the angle coming from a Burundian. What we saw was not just assassination of Cyprien Ntaryamira, because a few months before, another Hutu president, Melchior Ndadaye, was also assassinated. So, to Burundi, it was a second hit. And we know very much what happened after the first – chaos all over Burundi.
 
And in neighboring Rwanda, the people there had seen what happened in Burundi with the killing of Ndadaye and they were watching closely. Remember we’re very close neighbors. When someone shouts from one country, you can hear him in the other country. And so, by the time the plane was gunned down in Kigali, I think the population reacted even more aggressively than in Burundi. And so, it wasn’t just a plane that was shot down on that specific date. I think it was some history before that, where the killing of Melchior Ndadaye, another Hutu president, caused a lot of insecurity in the region.
 
AG: OK, that was Oct. 21, 1993.
 
LBT: Yes.
 
AG: About six months before the assassination of the two Hutu presidents in Rwanda, the Rwandan president and the Burundian president who had succeeded the assassinated Burundian President Melchior Ndadaye.
 
LBT:  Yes, and here’s how the region looked like. In Burundi, President Melchior Ndadaye was assassinated by Buyoya’s Tutsi military. Buyoya was the previous president, and he had a military that was 100 percent Tutsi.
 
They came to Ndadaye’s house one night and killed him, and killed most of his government. However, a few survived and were able to create a rebellion.
 
But next door in Rwanda, they were in the middle of a war against a Tutsi refugee invasion from Uganda. And so I believe the Rwandans were watching Burundians, what’s going on. Once the Tutsi army in Burundi killed the Hutu president, you had a lot of destabilization. Then you had the Tutsi military going into our villages and just massacring people.
 
And so you had so many hundreds of thousands … we had up to 1.5 million refugees going into Tanzania, in Congo, and in Rwanda. And so the Rwandese saw that happen in Burundi and how ruthless Burundi's Tutsi military had been on the people.
 
AG: Rwandans had seen first the assassination of a Hutu president, followed by the massacre of hundreds of thousands of Hutus and hundreds of thousands of Hutu refugees fleeing into Rwanda, Tanzania, Congo.
 
LBT: Yes. Actually it was up to 1.5 million. After that you had the downing of their own president. So that was actually the beginning of the whole region blowing up.
 
AG: Le Beni, thank you for speaking to the Black Star News.

LBT: Thank you for seeking the truth about what really happened. 
 

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