The Shocking Death of Rwandan Gospel Singer and Dissident Kizito Mihigo

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Rwandan gospel singer, organist, and composer Kizito Mihigo has died in police custody. On February 17, the Rwandan National Police reported that he had committed suicide in isolation in a cell. He was 38 years old. A Tutsi genocide survivor, he grew from age eight to twelve during the four years of the Rwandan war and massacres, which ended in 1994, when General Paul Kagame seized power in Rwanda’s capital, Kigali.
Rwandan President Paul Kagame’s newspaper, The New Times of Rwanda, reported, “Singer Kizito Mihigo commits suicide in police detention centre.” Other headlines, including those in The Guardian and the BBC, were far less conclusive. Most said that he died in a prison cell and noted that Rwandans are likely to be skeptical of the official story.
Skeptical indeed. I know quite a few Rwandans, Hutu and Tutsi, but I don’t know any who will believe that Kizito Mihigo committed suicide in a cell. I don’t believe it either, but there will be no trial or evidence of what really happened because the totalitarian Rwandan government has spoken. They say Mihigo took his own life, and as is the case in all the many deaths of Rwandan dissidents, there will be no credible investigation, evidence, or trial. 
This will give longtime Kagame ally Bill Clinton another chance to say “it hasn’t been adjudicated,” which is what he says when questioned about Kagame’s crimes in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In the UN report, DRC: Mapping human rights violations 1993-2003, investigators said that Kagame’s army massacred hundreds of thousands of Hutu refugees in DRC, and that he could be rightly charged with genocide if ever brought to a court of law. Since Kagame first invaded and occupied DRC in 1996, millions of Congolese have died violently, or died of hardship while fleeing or sheltering in refugee camps.
Joseph Bukeye, a Rwandan economics professor living and teaching in exile in Brussels, wrote to say:
“Kizito Mihigo had been persecuted for advocating compassion for all the victims of the genocide, Hutu, Tutsi, and Twa. He refused to abandon that commitment and collude in Rwandan President Paul Kagame’s policy of demonizing and blaming all Hutu people for the Rwandan Genocide. Kagame has become fiercely vengeful with dissident Tutsis because they are breaking up his constituency.
Kizito would not have committed suicide because he had many musical and reconciliation projects underway.
“Upon his re-arrest, on Rwanda’s southern border, he was accused of attempting to join alleged rebel militias threatening Rwanda from Burundi. His death is a warning to any Rwandan contesting the RPF’s official narratives:  
1) that the 1994 Rwandan Genocide was committed solely by Hutus killing Tutsis,  
2) that the government cares especially for all Tutsi genocide survivors, and,
3) that it has worked to reconcile Hutus and Tutsis since the 1994 genocide.”
Charles Kambanda, a Rwandan lawyer living in exile in New York City, addressed President Kagame on his Facebook wall:
“Kagame, you will be prosecuted for executing this young man. It's my hope and prayer that when, not if, Rwandans bring down your bloody junta, they will institute a special tribunal to prosecute those most responsible for these crimes against Rwandans.”
A Rwandan who preferred to remain anonymous sent me this message: 
“I am a policeman. I was posted at Remera police station until last November. There is no wire rack on the prison windows where an inmate can tie the sheets to hang himself! This is a total lie. I have asked a colleague who is there now and he told me that they brought the body to the police station very early in the morning. Please don't reveal my name.”
Another wrote:
“The truth is that any police cell in Rwanda is always occupied by several inmates and another thing that people must know is that those cells have no beds, no sheets and no blankets. Inmates sleep on bare floors. This is a fact, unless they start putting those things in from now on so they can claim that he hanged himself by a sheet tied to the window.
“If he was held alone, then he was not at the police station jail because there are always 20 or more inmates there and they are always together because there are no individual cells. Instead, the police brought his body to the police station early in the morning from Kibagabaga. I hope you don't buy this story from the Rwandan National Police that he killed himself. They murdered him.”
Kizito Mihigo will be remembered for his music, his immense love for all his Rwandan people, and his commitment to true reconciliation among all Rwandan Genocide survivors. He was still unmarried at the time of his death, but he had said that he would marry a Hutu for the sake of reconciliation. 
As a popular Tutsi gospel singer, he was favored by Kagame and his government until, in 2014, he recorded Igisobanuro Cy'urupfu (The Meaning of Death), which was shared with English subtitles on the Youtube. The song included these lyrics (translated from Kinyarwanda): 
“Even though genocide orphaned me
Let it not make me lose empathy for others
Their lives too were brutally taken
But not qualified as genocide
Those brothers and sisters
They too are humans, I pray for them
Those brothers and sisters
They too are humans, I comfort them
Those brothers and sisters,
They too are humans, I remember them”
Although Mihigo did not identify “those brothers and sisters” as Hutus, that is clearly what he meant. Despite preposterous charges that he was plotting to kill President Kagame, that was clearly the reason that Kagame put him in prison in February 2015. He was released in September 2018, along with opposition leader Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza and several thousand other prisoners, but he and Victoire were both forbidden to leave Rwanda without official permission. 
The final message on the music video uploaded to the YouTube in April 2014 said,“Tell#Kagame to #FreeKizito.” He was already in custody, though not yet sentenced, at that time.
Now it’s time to mourn Kizito. His courage was enormous and he paid for it with his life. He may well become larger in death, as do many martyrs, like Congo’s first prime minister, Patrice Lumumba, and the American abolitionist John Brown. I would like to say that President Kagame has finally gone too far, that the powerful industrial nations will finally stop running cover for his crimes, but that would greatly surprise me.
They not only run cover for his crimes but also reward him with more “investment” than Rwanda can conceivably absorb. They do so in exchange for access to Congo’s unparalleled resource wealth, including minerals high on the “strategic” and “critical” list. (In the US, “strategic” minerals are those that the government must stockpile in sufficient quantity to keep manufacturing weapons long enough to win any conceivable war. “Critical” minerals are those stockpiled to sustain the US economy despite supply chain collapse.)
The list of Kagame’s war crimes is already mind-numbing and it’s impossible to predict when the powerful nations will stop feeding their industrial hungers on the blood and minerals of Rwandans and Congolese.
R.I.P. Kizito Mihigo, 1981—2020. 

Ann Garrison is an independent journalist based in the San Francisco Bay Area. In 2014, she received the Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza Democracy and Peace Prize for her reporting on conflict in the African Great Lakes region. Please support her work on Patreon. She can be reached at

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